Olea europaea can stay in the garden in a sheltered spot over the winter, especially if against a sunny wall. It is however ‘safer’ to have it in a large planter than you can store frost-free over the winter.
They prefer a clay, well-draining soil. Dig a large hole and improve sandy soil with some potting compost and a shovelful of clay (and improve clay soil with potting compost and a shovelful of sand).
Olive Tree 100-110 cm - TreeOlea europeana
Add a Mediterranean touch to your terrace with this Olea europaea
An olive tree (Olea europaea) is perfect for creating a Mediterranean atmosphere on your terrace. The leaves, which are light-green to greyish, in combination with the decorative trunk, give the tree its characteristic look. Naturally, the olive tree can withstand drought well, but we would advise you to water your tree regularly (depending on the weather). For the best results, plant the olive tree in a pot, so you can put it inside in the winter and protect it against very low temperatures. This way, you even combine the best of two worlds by bringing the Mediterranean atmosphere of the olive tree inside your home.Show more
The olive tree in a planterThis lovely plant grows well in a pot. Make sure it’s a nice big one with holes in the bottom. Use sandy soil mixed with potting compost and a shovelful of clay.
Show moreWater your olive tree regularly and fertilise only in the first half of the year (more than once each month). Use a fertiliser for fruit-bearing trees and shrubs.
If your olive is planted in the garden it can handle quite a bit of cold! Even as much as -10! Older trees even as much as -18! However, that much frost can cause damage and it does depend on whether it is a long cold period or suddenly, overnight. Do protect your olive tree from severe frost – use a reed mat or wrap it several times in garden fleece. Bubble wrap is not recommended here as that tends to generate too much warmth in the sun. Mulch the roots of the plant too.
If your olive is in a planter, just bring it under shelter when frost is forecast (shed or carport?) – dark is not a problem as Olea europaea loses its leaf in the winter anyway.
Pruning Olea europaeaOlive trees don’t actually require pruning at all but it can be done to maintain ithe shape. The best time for this is in March. Olive trees look good truncated too – this can be done annually and will be well tolerated. Olive trees never bear fruit twice on the same branch. To get the maximum harvest, you need to cut back all last year’s branches in the spring.
Show moreOlives have been cultivated for a long, long time. The ancient Egyptians, Romans and Greeks loved them. The tree is actually originally from the Middle East. Nowadays, olive trees are grown from Afghanistan across to Portugal.
Even in northern climes, small fruits will appear and will ripen in a good summer.
Olea is classified in its own group, Oleaceae.
How to useOlive trees are grown for the fruit which is partly for consumption and partly for the oil that can be pressed from them. It used to be just a Mediterranean thing but nowadays, commercial olive growers are to be found all over the (sub-tropical) world.
It takes about one and a half years of processing before an olive is edible and fit for consumption like those that we buy form a shop!