Trees are always a must in any garden and come in all shapes and sizes! The varieties as well as their size are very diverse and in general, choice is made according to the size of the garden: big trees for large gardens, little trees for smaller gardens. They form your garden's skeleton! It is important to choose your tree carefully. Choose your tree according to the type of leaves and the hue you want to add to your garden. Consideration should be given, for example, to their shape, their adult size and their rapid growth ... as well as the change of foliage colour, not to mention flowering and striking fruits. The foliage provides shade as well as shelter in the garden and also for birds. Trees are important because they help purify our air. In our range we have a selection of all types of trees, there is no wonder that our trees are so popular with garden lovers. Discover here the varieties that Bakker offers you!
There is sometimes quite a bit of confusion over the difference between trees and shrubs. Both are woody plants, but the difference is their growth habit. If there are several thick stems growing next to each nearer to the soil, then it’s definitely a bush, or shrub. A tree has a single woody, main trunk where the various branches only start growing quite a way up from the ground. Of course there are always exceptions to the rule. For instance, a multi-stemmed fruit tree is always still a tree and trees that branch out immediately from the ground and remain low, well those are often called shrubs or bushes.Buying trees
Because trees have a long life, it’s important to find the right tree for the best spot in your garden. Pay attention to the following characteristics when choosing a tree:
- Shape – how tall and how wide will the mature tree become?
- Appearance? Does it have needles or leaves for foliage? Is it an evergreen or deciduous (leaf shedding)? What colour is the foliage? Will it bear fruit? Will the foliage change colour in the autumn?
- Speed of growth and maintenance – Is the tree easy to maintain? Will it need regular pruning?
- Position – does this tree like sun or shade? Will this tree look good alone or is it better in a group, or as a hedge? Does the tree need a sheltered spot or is it wind resistant?
Choose a columnar tree (like for instance a Japanese Ornamental Cherry) if there is little space for a wide crown. A Eucalytus is certainly very undemanding, as is a Catalpa. The Albizia (Persian Silk Tree) has chocolate coloured foliage and exotic looking pink flowers so is pretty stunning on its own so you might want to consider that. The Japanese maple, dwarf lilac or fruit trees are all examples suitable for planting in a smaller garden.
Planting and caring for them
The best time to plant trees is in early spring or in the autumn, when they have no foliage. It is important to give the roots time to become established.
- Therefore, loosen the soil around them by first placing the root ball in a bucket.
- Dig a spacious hole and improve the soil with the addition of some compost.
- Carefully remove the plant from its nursery pot. If the roots are wrapped in mesh or sacking, only remove this after planting the tree in its hole. Try not to damage the fine hair roots around the root ball.
- Plant the tree at such a depth that the root ball comes to just below soil level.
- Half fill the hole then water generously. Fill the hole with more soil and compost mix, water again and heel well in.
- By tethering a tree it grows sturdy and straight. Place a bamboo pole or stake next to the tree and tie it loosely with string. Don’t tie it too tightly – it must not damage the trunk.
Water newly planted trees regularly to begin with to encourage a stronger growth. If planted in early spring, any tree will appreciate a mulching of well-rotted manure and fertiliser. Take care using a hoe around the tree roots - hand weeding would be safer and best.
Pruning is really not difficult if you use the right tools and follow the best tips. Some trees must not be pruned in the spring because they tend to ‘bleed’ – this can weaken the tree. This goes for birch and Norwegian Maple (to name but two). These trees should be pruned in the summer. You can find more advice per tree type in our gardening advice pages on our website.
Young trees should actually be topped every year. This means pruning the tree into a desired shape by cutting back twigs and branches that grow crossed or through the crown where you don’t want them or have grown too prolifically so are too close to each other.
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